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Corel PDF Fusion. Review Free Download specifications changelog report malware. Easy-to-use interface The installation process does not pose any issues other than the fact that it might last a bit longer than normal, as there are many files to unpack. This software makes it possible to handle creating pdf files with ease. It helps with repurposing your content and even putting everything together without putting a lot of money towards similar software.

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In , Corel created a Full motion video game called Mode. In August , Cowpland was accused of insider trading and left. A new board of directors was then appointed and Derek Burney Jr.

However, these plans were scrapped, and only the Corel brand remained. Corel acquired the graphics software company Micrografx in late Some U. A lawsuit was filed in the U. In March , Corel announced that the United States Justice Department purchased 50, licenses of WordPerfect adding to the worldwide user base of 20 million and that WordPerfect was adding 4 million new users per year thanks to bundling deals with Dell.

On April 26, , Corel completed its return to the public market with an initial public offering on NASDAQ, [8] the same day finalizing the acquisition of WinZip , an archiving software title. Having suffered layoffs in and , [17] Corel began a near yearly culture of restructuring beginning in , when in the latter part of that year the company’s finance department was restructured and moved to their Taipei office, resulting in significant layoffs at its Ottawa HQ.

Restructuring in [18] resulted in more layoffs. In December , the company’s restructuring resulted in the layoffs of the Taipei locations engineering and quality assurance team. Corel’s Taipei office was the core development centre of PaintShop Pro and VideoStudio , one of the company’s most well-known photo- and video-editing bundles. The restructuring led to a partial handover of product development to outsourced companies, resulting in more rapid, low-cost development across its product lines.

The company continued with layoffs in and once again at the beginning of with the change of the company’s CEO to Patrick Nichols, previously the head of Corel’s WinZip business unit.

In December , Corel announced the acquisition of Parallels. Reviversoft, an american computer optimizer software company acquired by Corel in Simplestar, an american computer optimizer software company.

The annual Corel World Design Contest first ran from through The competition intended to recognize and encourage an international community of graphic artists from over 50,, registered Corel users.

Two finalists for each of the eight categories were awarded a trip to Ottawa, Canada to participate in the Corel World Design Contest gala and awards ceremony. The finalists from each of the eight categories received an issue of the “Corel Crystal Award”.

The collection of artworks were later released in a catalogue with bundled CD, under the name of “Corel Artshow”. The and contests each had a prize pool with a total value of USD, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Software company headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario. Not to be confused with Coral. Ottawa , Ontario , Canada. Corel Corporation. Retrieved Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed. Pearson Longman. ISBN Day In Tech History. Metro Ottawa”.

Archived from the original on Org link to Mode website”. Archived from the original on October 31, Retrieved 19 December Money Business Wire. Together with Pierre Boulez, Stockhausen drew inspiration from these composers as he developed his style of total serialism. Still, he continued to experiment with musique concrete. Some of his works include Gruppen , a piece for three orchestras that moved music through time and space; Kontakte , a work that pushed the tape machine to its limits; and the epic Hymnen , an ambitious two-hour work of 40 juxtaposed songs and anthems from around the world.

His recent Helicopter String Quartet, in which a string quartet performs whilst airborne in four different helicopters, develops his long-standing fascination with music which moves in space. It has led him to dream of concert halls in which the sound attacks the listener from every direction.

He presently resides in Germany. STUDY II Excerpt Karlheinz Stockhausen Chance Music C hance music refers to a style wherein the piece always sounds different at every performance because of the random techniques of production, including the use of ring modulators or natural elements that become a part of the music.

Most of the sounds emanate from the surroundings, both natural and man-made, such as honking cars, rustling leaves, blowing wind, dripping water, or a ringing phone. As such, the combination of external sounds cannot be duplicated as each happens by chance. The audience hears a variety of noises inside and outside the concert hall amidst the seeming silence.

He was born in Los Angeles, California, USA on September 5, and became one of the most original composers in the history of western music. He challenged the very idea of music by manipulating musical instruments in order to achieve new sounds. His involvement with Zen Buddhism inspired him to compose Music of Changes , written for conventional piano, that employed chance compositional processes. The work was intended to convey the impossibility of achieving total silence, since surrounding sounds can still be heard amidst the silence of the piano performance.

Cage also advocated bringing real-life experiences into the concert hall. This reached its extreme when he composed a work that required him to fry mushrooms on stage in order to derive the sounds from the cooking process. As a result of his often irrational ideas like this, he developed a following in the s. However, he gradually returned to the more organized methods of composition in the last 20 years of his life.

More than any other modern composer, Cage influenced the development of modern music since the s. He was considered more of a musical philosopher than a composer. His conception of what music can and should be has had a profound impact upon his contemporaries. He was active as a writer presenting his musical views with both wit and intelligence. Cage was an important force in other artistic areas especially dance and musical theater.

Cage died in New York City on August 12, They experimented with the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, tempo, and timbre in daring ways never attempted before.

Some even made use of electronic devices such as synthesizers, tape recorders, amplifiers, and the like to introduce and enhance sounds beyond those available with traditional instruments. Among the resulting new styles were electronic music and chance music. These expanded the concept of music far beyond the conventions of earlier periods, and challenged both the new composers and the listening public.

As the 20th century progressed, so did the innovations in musical styles as seen in the works of these composers. From the United States, there was John Cage with his truly unconventional composition techniques. What are some of the new musical approaches of Cage? What is meant by musique concrete used by Stockhausen? Give an example of a musical work by Varese, Stockhausen, and Cage.

Listen carefully to each excerpt and be able to recognize the distinct musical style of each composer. Choose a composition that you like. Write a short reaction paper on it. The class will be divided into four teams, with each team forming a line. As your teacher plays a few measures of the first excerpt, the first student in each line goes to the board and writes the name of the composer.

The second student will write the title of the music. The third student will write the musical style. Then, the fourth student will write a description of the music in one phrase. The team that writes the correct answers first scores four 4 points. The same procedure goes on until all the students in the line have had their turn. One student will be assigned as the scorer. The team with the highest score is the winner. In case of a tie, the first team to finish is the winner. The scorer will announce the winners and then ask them this question: What was the most significant thing that you have learned from this activity?

Chance Music — Put small items inside a bag. Include coins, pens, pins, small bells, and other articles with percussive sounds. Put the items back in the bag, and unload the same while once again recording the sounds being produced. Note the changes between the two sets of sounds recorded.

Electronic Music — Create short electronic music pieces using your knowledge of 20th century musical styles. Music of the 20th Century B. Performance Activity 2: Original Chance and Electronic Music Rate scores are based on the elements of music such as rhythm, melodic appeal, harmony and texture, tempo and dynamics, timbre, and overall musical structure.

The class will be divided into four groups. Each group will create an original five-minute performance of Chance Music and Electronic Music if available to be performed in class.

Those who are not performing will act as judges for the performance evaluation. Judges will display a score card after evaluating the performance. One student may be assigned to tabulate the scores after the performance. What was the role of the audience in the performance of Chance music? Explain your answers. You will be divided into four groups by counting off from 1 to 4. Create and explore other arts multi- media that portray 20th century musical style chance, electronic, jazz, avant garde through a minute video clip or MTV using your digital cameras or mobile phones.

Show and discuss your video works in class. Watch live performances of musical concerts, if available in your area or watch live concerts recorded on TV. Re-enact in class what you watched. Make a minute audio video presentation while you re-enact what you have seen on live concerts and on TV. Your teacher will play several musical excerpts of selected 20th century composers and will briefly discuss the title, composer, musical style, and brief description of how he or she feels about the music.

Sing or hum some melodic fragments portion only of any of the following excerpts of 20th century music, together with the recordings: a. Any work of minimalist composers, Philip Glass or Meredith Monk f. Any work of nationalist composers, Erik Satie or Bela Bartok. Based on the melodic fragments of the excerpts that you sang or hummed, you should be able to aurally identify the different selected works of the composers of the 20th century.

Submit it in class next meeting. After the above singing or humming activity, your teacher will prepare a box containing slips of paper with the names of Debussy, Ravel, Gershwin, Bernstein, Glass, Monk, Satie, and Bartok written on them.

Each group will choose four representatives who will be assigned as contestants. The group with the highest number of points wins the contest. Write a reaction paper explaining the following elements of the performance: a.

Setting b. Musical compositions c. Role of composer and lyricist d. Role of performers actors, actresses e. Role of audience yourself 34 All rights reserved.

Music of the 20th Century f. Sound and musical direction g. Props, costumes, lighting 4. Did you like what you watched? Why or why not? You may opt to do this as an individual or group activity. Groups will be divided into four. You will be asked to draw lots for the song to sing. Sing and perform the song in class with or without accompaniment. You may also sing with the recordings. Class Concert — Live Performance a.

You will be grouped into two. You choose your group if you will be doing the following: singing, dancing, choreography, musical directing, playing an instrument either as accompaniment to the song or dance or solo performance or as a band. Use props and costumes, if needed. Perform the concert in class in your own original interpretation of the songs from West Side Story.

You will be grouped into two and you will choose your group members. Record the performance of your classmates using a cassette recorder or make a music video using your cellular phone, digital camera, or video camera 35 All rights reserved. How well did I perform the songs from West Side Story?

How well can I describe the characteristics of each through listening to their melody, harmony, rhythm, text, and mass appeal? How well did I participate in the performance of the different activities?

Characteristic features of Afro-Latin American music and Popular music. Performs vocal and dance forms of Afro-Latin American music and selections of Popular music. Observes dance styles, instruments, and rhythms of Afro Latin American and popular music through video, movies and live performances. Describes the historical and cultural background of Afro-Latin American and popular music.

Listens perceptively to Afro-Latin American and popular music. Dances to different selected styles of Afro-Latin American and popular music. Analyzes musical characteristics of Afro-Latin American and popular music. Sings selections of Afro-Latin American and popular music in appropriate pitch, rhythm, style, and expression.

Explores ways of creating sounds on a variety of sources suitable to chosen vocal and instrumental selections. Choreographs a chosen dance music. Evaluates music and music performances using knowledge of musical elements and style. Singing, dancing, hand clapping and the beating of drums are essential to many African ceremonies, including those for birth, death, initiation, marriage, and funerals.

Music and dance are also important to religious expression and political events. However, because of its wide influences on global music that has permeated contemporary American, Latin American, and European styles, there has been a growing interest in its own cultural heritage and musical sources.

Of particular subjects of researches are its rhythmic structures and spiritual characteristics that have led to the birth of jazz forms. African music has been a collective result from the cultural and musical diversity of the more than 50 countries of the continent.

The organization of this continent is a colonial legacy from European rule of the different nations up to the end of the 19 th century, whose vastness has enabled it to incorporate its music with language, environment, political developments, immigration, and cultural diversity.

Others are work related or social in nature, while many traditional societies view their music as entertainment. It has a basically interlocking structural format, due mainly to its overlapping and dense textural characteristics as well as its rhythmic complexity. Its many sources of stylistic influence have produced varied characteristics and genres.

Apala Akpala Apala is a musical genre from Nigeria in the Yoruba tribal style to wake up the worshippers after fasting during the Muslim holy feast of Ramadan. Percussion instrumentation includes the rattle sekere , thumb piano agidigbo , bell agogo , and two or three talking drums. Yoruba Apala Musicians 38 All rights reserved. It fuses the Afro- Caribbean styles of the marcha, reggae, and calypso.

Jit Jit is a hard and fast percussive Zimbabwean dance music played on drums with guitar accompaniment, influenced by mbira-based guitar styles. Jive Jive is a popular form of South African music featuring a lively and uninhibited variation of the jitterbug, a form of swing dance. Juju Juju is a popular music style from Nigeria that relies on the traditional Yoruba rhythms, where the instruments in Juju are more Western in origin.

A drum kit, keyboard, pedal steel guitar, and accordion are used along with the traditional dun-dun talking drum or squeeze drum. In this dance style, the hips move back and forth while the arms move following the hips. Marabi Marabi is a South African three-chord township music of the ss which evolved into African Jazz. Possessing a keyboard style combining American jazz, ragtime and blues with African roots, it is characterized by simple chords in varying vamping patterns and repetitive harmony over an extended period of time to allow the dancers more time on the dance floor.

It refers to a particular music style that was strongly influenced by traditional mento and calypso music, as well as American jazz, and rhythm and blues. The most recognizable musical elements of reggae are its offbeat rhythm and staccato chords.

It comprises various musical genres including the Cuban son montuno, guaracha, chachacha, mambo and bolero. It is a lively and rhythmical dance and music with three steps to every bar, making the Samba feel like a timed dance. There is a set 4of dances—rather than a single dance—that define the Samba dancing scene in Brazil. Were This is Muslim music performed often as a wake-up call for early breakfast and prayers during Ramadan celebrations.

Relying on pre-arranged music, it fuses the African and European music styles with particular usage of the natural harmonic series. It has a pulsating beat supplied by the gwo ka and tambour bele drums, a tibwa rhythmic pattern played on the rim of the snare drum and its hi-hat, rhythm guitar, a horn section, and keyboard synthesizers. Maracatu dance Musical instruments used in Maracatu The Maracatu uses mostly percussion instruments such as the alfaia, tarol and caixa-de- guerra, gongue, agbe, and miniero.

The alfaia is a large wooden drum that is rope-tuned, complemented by the tarol which is a shallow snare drum and the caixa-de-guerra which is a war-like snare. Providing the clanging sound is the gongue, a metal cowbell. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music Blues The blues is a musical form of the late 19th century that has had deep roots in African- American communities.

The slaves and their descendants used to sing as they worked in the cotton and vegetable fields. The notes of the blues create an expressive and soulful sound. The feelings that are evoked are normally associated with slight degrees of misfortune, lost love, frustration, or loneliness. From ecstatic joy to deep sadness, the blues can communicate various emotions more effectively than other musical forms.

It originated in the United States. It combines elements of African-American gospel music, rhythm and blues, and often jazz. The catchy rhythms are accompanied by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves which are among its important features.

Some important innovators whose recordings in the s contributed to the emergence of soul music included Clyde McPhatter, Hank Ballard, and Etta James. This musical form became their outlet to vent their loneliness and anger, and is a result of the interaction of music and religion from Africa with that of America. The texts are mainly religious, sometimes taken from psalms of Biblical passages, while the music utilizes deep bass voices.

The vocal inflections, Negro accents, and dramatic dynamic changes add to the musical interest and effectiveness of the performance. Call and Response The call and response method is a succession of two distinct musical phrases usually rendered by different musicians, where the second phrase acts as a direct commentary on or response to the first. Much like the question and answer sequence in human communication, it also forms a strong resemblance to the verse-chorus form in many vocal compositions.

Which African music is usually heard on the radios today? Among the types of African music, which is usually known as a type of music that has originated from Brazil? Which type of music was popularized by Bob Marley? What are the different musical instruments included in the maracatu? Classification of Traditional African Instruments A. Idiophones These are percussion instruments that are either struck with a mallet or against one another.

Balafon – The balafon is a West African xylophone. It is a pitched percussion instrument with bars made from logs or bamboo.

The xylophone is originally an Asian instrument that follows the structure of a piano. It came from Madagascar to Africa, then to the Americas and Europe. Rattles – Rattles are made of seashells, tin, basketry, animal hoofs, horn, wood, metal bells, cocoons, palm kernels, or tortoise shells. These rattling vessels may range from single to several objects that are either joined or suspended in such a way as they hit each other.

Agogo – The agogo is a single bell or multiple bells that had its origins in traditional Yoruba music and also in the samba baterias percussion ensembles. Atingting Kon – These are slit gongs used to communicate between villages. In certain cases, their sound could carry for miles through the forest and even across water to neighboring islands. Slit drum – The slit drum is a hollow percussion instrument.

Although known as a drum, it is not a true drum but is an idiophone. It is usually carved or constructed from bamboo or wood into a box with one or more slits in the top.

If the resultant tongues are different in width or thicknesses, the drum will produce two different pitches. Djembe – The West Africandjembe pronounced zhem-bay is one of the best-known African drums is. It is shaped like a large goblet and played with bare hands. The body is carved from a hollowed trunk and is covered in goat skin. Log drums come in different shapes and sizes as well: tubular drums, bowl-shaped drums, and friction drums.

Some have one head, others have two heads. The bigger the drum, the lower the tone or pitch. The more tension in the drum head, the higher the tone produced. These drums are played using hands or sticks or both; and sometimes have rattling metal and jingles attached to the outside or seeds and beads placed inside the drum. They are sometimes held under the armpit or with a sling. Shekere – The shekere is a type of gourd and shell megaphonefrom West Africa, consisting of a dried gourd with beads woven into a net covering the gourd.

Theagbe is another gourd drum with cowrie shells usually strung with white cotton thread. The axatse is a small gourd, held by the neck and placed between hand and leg. Gourd shekere 8. Rasp – A rasp, or scraper, is a hand percussion instrument whose sound is produced by scraping the notches on a piece of wood sometimes elaborately carved with a stick, creating a series of rattling effects.

Antique wooden rasp 46 All rights reserved. Membranophones Membranophones are instruments which have vibrating animal membranes used in drums. Their shapes may be conical, cylindrical, barrel, hour-glass, globular, or kettle, and are played with sticks, hands, or a combination of both. African drums are usually carved from a single wooden log, and may also be made from ceramics, gourds, tin cans, and oil drums.

Examples of these are found in the different localities — entenga Ganda , dundun Yoruba , atumpan Akan , and ngoma Shona , while some are constructed with wooden staves and hoops. Body percussion – Africans frequently use their bodies as musical instruments. Aside from their voices, where many of them are superb singers, the body also serves as a drum as people clap their hands, slap their thighs, pound their upper arms or chests, or shuffle their feet. This body percussion creates exciting rhythms which also stir them to action.

Moreover, the wearing of rattles or bells on their wrists, ankles, arms, and waists enhances their emotional response. Talking drum – The talking drum is used to send messages to announce births, deaths, marriages, sporting events, dances, initiation, or war.

Sometimes it may also contain gossip or jokes. It is believed that the drums can carry direct messages to the spirits after the death of a loved one. However, learning to play messages on drums is extremely difficult, resulting in its waning popularity. An example of the talking drum is the luna. Luna 47 All rights reserved. Lamellaphone One of the most popular African percussion instruments is the lamellaphone, which is a set of plucked tongues or keys mounted on a sound board.

It is known by different names according to the regions such as mbira, karimba, kisaanj, and likembe. Mbira hand piano or thumb piano – The thumb piano or finger xylophone is of African origin and is used throughout the continent.

It consists of a wooden board with attached staggered metal tines a series of wooden, metal, or rattan tongues , plus an additional resonator to increase its volume. It is played by holding the instrument in the hands and plucking the tines with the thumbs, producing a soft plucked sound. Chordophones Chordophones are instruments which produce sounds from the vibration of strings. These include bows, harps, lutes, zithers, and lyres of various sizes.

Musical bow – The musical bow is the ancestor of all string instruments. It is the oldest and one of the most widely-used string instruments of Africa. It consists of a single string attached to each end of a curved stick, similar to a bow and arrow. The string is either plucked or struck with another stick, producing a per-cussive yet delicate sound. The earth bow, the mouth bow, and the resonator-bow are the principal types of musical bows. The earth bow, ground bow, or pit harp consist of a hole in the ground, a piece of flexible wood and a piece of chord.

The musician plucks the taut string to accompany his singing. When the half gourd is not buried, the performer holds the instrument very tightly under his knee flat side down, so that the chord puts enough tension on the wood to bend it into the shape of a hunting bow. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music A more advanced form of ground bow is made from a log, half a gourd, a flat piece of wood, and cord.

The wooden strip is driven firmly into one end of the log and the half gourd is fastened to the log about 2 feet away from the wooden strip. The cord, fastened from the wooden strip to the gourd, is stretched so tightly into the shape of a bow.

The player holds the instrument on the ground by placing one leg across the log between the resonating gourd and the wooden strip. Lute konting, khalam, and the nkoni – The lute, originating from the Arabic states, is shaped like the modern guitar and played in similar fashion.

It has a resonating body, a neck, and one or more strings which stretch across the length of its body and neck. Nkoni West African plucked lutes include the konting, khalam, and the nkoni.

Kora – The kora is Africa’s most sophisticated harp, while also having features similar to a lute. Its body is made from a gourd or calabash. A support for the bridge is set across the opening and covered with a skin that is held in place with studs. The leather rings around the neck are used to tighten the 21 strings that give the instrument a range of over three octaves. The kora is held upright and played with the fingers. African kora 4. Zither – The zither is a stringed instrument with varying sizes and shapes whose strings are stretched along its body.

Among the types of African zither are the raft or Inanga zither from Burundi, the tubular or Valiha zither from Malagasy, and the harp or Mvet zither from Cameroon. Raft zither 49 All rights reserved. Zeze – The zeze is an African fiddle played with a bow, a small wooden stick, or plucked with the fingers. It has one or two strings, made of steel or bicycle brake wire.

It is from Sub-Saharan Africa. It is also known by the names tzetze and dzendze, izeze and endingidi; and on Madagascar is called lokanga or lokango voatavo. Aerophones Aerophones are instruments which are produced initially by trapped vibrating air columns or which enclose a body of vibrating air.

Flutes in various sizes and shapes, horns, panpipes, whistle types, gourd and shell megaphones, oboe, clarinet, animal horn and wooden trumpets fall under this category. Flutes – Flutes are widely used throughout Africa and either vertical or side-blown.

They are usually fashioned from a single tube closed at one end and blown like a bottle. Atenteben Ghana Fulani Flutes Panpipes consist of cane pipes of different lengths tied in a row or in a bundle held together by wax or cord, and generally closed at the bottom.

They are blown across the top, each providing a different note. Horns – Horns and trumpets, found almost everywhere in Africa, are commonly made from elephant tusks and animal horns. With their varied attractive shapes, these instruments are end-blown or side-blown and range in size from the small signal whistle of the southern cattle herders to the large ivory horns of the tribal chiefs of the interior. It releases a mellow and warm sound that adds a unique African accent to the music.

This instrument, which comes in a set of six horns, reflects the cross of musical traditions in Africa. Today, the kudu horn can also be seen in football matches, where fans blow it to cheer for their favourite teams. Reed pipes – There are single-reed pipes made from hollow guinea corn or sorghum stems, where the reed is a flap partially cut from the stem near one end. It is the vibration of this reed that causes the air within the hollow instrument to vibrate, thus creating the sound.

There are also cone-shaped double-reed instruments similar to the oboe or shawm. The most well-known is the rhaita or ghaita, an oboe-like double reed instrument from northwest Africa. It is one of the primary instruments used by traditional music ensembles from Morocco. The rhaita was even featured in the Lord of the Rings soundtrack, specifically in the Mordor theme. Whistles – Whistles found throughout the continent may be made of wood or other materials.

Short pieces of horn serve as whistles, often with a short tube inserted into the mouthpiece. Clay can be molded into whistles of many shapes and forms and then baked. Pottery whistles are sometimes shaped in the form of a head, similar to the Aztec whistles of Central America and Mexico. African whistle 5. Trumpets – African trumpets are made of wood, metal, animal horns, elephant tusks, and gourds with skins from snakes, zebras, leopards, crocodiles and animal hide as ornaments to the instrument.

They are mostly ceremonial in nature, often used to announce the arrival or departure of important guests. In religion and witchcraft, some tribes believe in the magical powers of trumpets to frighten away evil spirits, cure diseases, and protect warriors and hunters from harm.

These are mainly used to provide rhythmic sounds, which are the most defining element of African music. Africans make musical instruments from the materials in the environment, like forest areas from where they make large wooden drums. Drums may also be made of clay, metal, tortoise shells, or gourds. Xylophones are made of lumber or bamboo, while flutes can be constructed wherever reeds or bamboo grow. Animal horns are used as trumpets while animal hides, lizard skins, and snake skins can function as decorations as well as provide the membranes for drum heads.

Laces made of hides and skins are used for the strings of harps, fiddles, and lutes. On the other hand, bamboo was used to form the tongues of thumb pianos, the frames of stringed instruments, and stamping tubes. Strips of bamboo are even clashed together rhythmically. Gourds, seeds, stones, shells, palm leaves, and the hard-shelled fruit of the calabash tree are made into rattles.

Ancient Africans even made musical instruments from human skulls decorated with human hair while singers use their body movements to accompany their singing. Modern Africans make use of recycled waste materials such as strips of roofing metal, empty oil drums, and tin cans. These people, bursting with rhythm, make music with everything and anything. At present, new materials that are more easily accessible, such as soda cans and bottles, are becoming increasingly important for the construction of percussion instruments.

Some rhythmic instruments like scrapers, bells, and rattles also provide the pitch and timbre when played in an ensemble to provide contrasts in tone quality and character. What are the classifications of African music? What are the characteristics of each classification of African music?

Name some African musical instruments under the following categories: a. Describe how African musical instruments are sourced from the environment. Give examples.

Sometimes called Latin music, it includes the countries that have had a colonial history from Spain and Portugal, divided into the following areas: a. Brazil At the same time, because of the inter-racial cross breeding and migration, the above- named countries were also somewhat commonly populated by five major ancestral groups as follows: a. Indian descendants of the original native Americans who were the inhabitants of the region before the arrival of Christopher Columbus b.

African descendants from Western and Central Africa c. Indigenous Latin-American Music Before the arrival of the Spanish, Portuguese, and other European colonizers, the natives were found to be using local drum and percussion instruments such as the guiro, maracas, and turtle shells, and wind instruments such as zampona pan pipes and quena notched-end flutes remain popular and are traditionally made out of the same aquatic canes, although PVC pipe is sometimes used due to its resistance to heat, cold, and humidity.

Generally, quenas only are played during the dry season. Materials came from hollow tree trunks, animal skins, fruit shells, dry seeds, cane and Quena clay, hardwood trees, jaguar claws, animal and human bones, and specially-treated inflated eyes of tigers. The use of instruments as well as singing and dancing served to implore the gods for good harvest, victory in battles, guard against sickness and natural disasters, and of course provide recreation.

Short musical motives from descending melodic lines were a common feature, where tempo, rhythm, and tone colors vary with the specific occasion or ritual. Many dance forms were repetitious, while songs had a wide range of volume levels. Many songs celebrate themes like harvest, planting season or other important times of year. Afro-Latin American Music The African influence on Latin American music is most pronounced in its rich and varied rhythmic patterns produced by the drums and various percussion instruments.

Complex layering of rhythmic patterns was a favorite device, where 54 All rights reserved. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music fast paced tempos add to the rhythmic density. Vocal music was often deep- chested while instrumental music greatly relied on resonant drums and sympathetic buzzers to produce rich sounds and occasional loud volume levels to reflect their intensity.

Melodies of the Renaissance period were used in Southern Chile and the Colombian Pacific coasts, while step-wise melodies were preferred in the heavily Hispanic and Moorish-influenced areas of Venezuela and Colombia. Other European influences were manifested in the texture of Euro-Latin American music, from unaccompanied vocal solos to those accompanied by stringed instruments. Mixed American Music The diversity of races and cultures from the Native Americans, Afro-Latin Americans, and Euro-Latin Americans account for the rich combinations of musical elements including the melodic patterns, harmonic combinations, rhythmic complexities, wide range of colors and dynamics, and various structural formats.

This musical fusion of Latin America combining native instruments with European counterparts and musical theories was further enriched by the instruments brought by the African slaves.

The result of the massive infusion of African culture also brought about the introduction of other music and dance forms such as the Afro- Cuban rumba, Jamaican reggae, Colombian cumbia, and the Brazilian samba. Popular Latin American Music Latin America has produced a number of musical genres and forms that had been influenced by European folk music, African traditional music, and native sources. Much of its popular music has in turn found its way to the many venues and locales of America, Europe, and eventually the rest of the world.

Its danceable rhythms, passionate melodies, and exotic harmonies continue to enthrall music and dance enthusiasts worldwide even as the forms themselves undergo constant modifications that are more relevant to the times. Some of these Latin American popular music forms are tango, bossa nova, samba, son, and salsa. Samba The samba is a dance form of African origins around which evolved into an African- Brazilian invention in the working class and slum districts of Rio de Janeiro.

Its lively rhythm, consisting of a 24 meter but containing three steps each that create a feeling of a 34 meter instead, was meant to be executed for singing, dancing, and parading in the carnival. Samba has a number of variations, so that there is no clear-cut definition of a single samba form. Its most adventurous kind is known as the batucada, referring at once to a large percussion ensemble of up to a hundred players, a jam session, or an intensely polyrhythmic style of drumming.

Son The son is a fusion of the popular music or canciones songs of Spain and the African rumba rhythms of Bantu origin. Originating in Cuba, it is usually played with the tres guitar , contrabass, bongos, maracas, and claves two wooden sticks that are hit together.

Although the son is seldom heard today, its most important legacy is its influence on present-day Latin American music, particularly as the forerunner of the salsa. Its style contains elements from the swing dance and hustle as well as the complex Afro-Cuban and Afro-Carribean dance forms of pachanga and guaguanco. The execution of the salsa involves shifting the weight by stepping sideways, causing the hips to move while the upper body remains level.

The arms and shoulders are also incorporated with the upper body position. In each, a moderate tempo is used while the upper and lower bodies act in seeming disjoint as described above. As with the African continent, their rich history dating back thousands of years ago with the Aztec, Maya, and other prehistoric cultural groups in Latin America understandably generates their own brands of creativity in making music.

In Central America, the ancient civilizations of the Aztec and Maya peoples used various instruments mainly for religious functions and usually by professional musicians. As some instruments were considered holy and it was further believed that music was supposed to glorify the gods, mistakes in playing these instruments were considered offensive and insulting to them.

Some of their instruments include the following: Tlapitzalli The tlapitzalli is a flute variety from the Aztec culture made of clay with decorations of abstract designs or images of their deities. Teponaztli The teponaztli is a Mexican slit drum hollowed out and carved from a piece of hardwood. It is then decorated with designs in relief or carved to represent human figures or animals to be used for both religious and recreational purposes. Conch The conch is a wind instrument made from a seashell usually of a large sea snail.

It is prepared by cutting a hole in its spine near the apex, then blown into as if it were a trumpet. Rasp The rasp is a hand percussion instrument whose sound is produced by scraping a group of notched sticks with another stick, creating a series of rattling effects.

It is made of wood opened at the bottom and standing on three legs cut from the base, with its stretched skin beaten by the hand or a wooden mallet. Whistles Whistles are instruments made of natural elements such as bone from animals.

Ocarina The ocarina was an ancient vessel flute made of clay or ceramic with four to 12 finger holes and a mouthpiece that projected from the body.

Panpipes Zamponas The zamponas were ancient instruments tuned to different scalar varieties, played by blowing across the tubetop.

Typical models were either in pairs or as several bamboo tubes of different lengths tied together to produce graduated pitches of sound. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music Andean Instruments The Andean highlands made use of several varieties of flutes and string instruments that include the following: a. Pitus The pitus are side-blown cane flutes that are played all year round. Wooden Tarkas The tarkas are vertical duct flutes with a mouthpiece similar to that of a recorder, used during the rainy season.

Quenas The quenas are vertical cane flutes with an end-notched made from fragile bamboo. They are used during the dry season. Charango The charango is a ten-stringed Andean guitar from Bolivia.

It is the size of a ukulele and a smaller version of the mandolin, imitating the early guitar and lute brought by the Spaniards. It produces bright sounds and is often used in serenades in Southern Peru. Trumpets were later added, replacing the harp.

Mariachi music is extremely passionate and romantic with their blended harmonies and characterized by catchy rhythms. Its musicians are distinctly adorned with wide-brimmed hats and silver buttons. What are the different musical instruments of Latin American music? What are the characteristics of each instrument? In the Philippines, many of these characteristics have been taken in, particularly in the Brazilian bossa nova, cha cha, rumba, and the Argentine tango.

Cumbia Originating in Panama and Colombia, the cumbia became a popular African courtship dance with European and African instrumentation and characteristics.

It contained varying rhythmic meters among the major locations — 24 meter in Colombia; 24 , 44 , and 68 meters in Panama, and 22 meter in Mexico. Instruments used are the drums of African origin, such as the tabora bass drum , claves, 60 All rights reserved. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music which are hard, thick sticks that sets the beat, guitar, accordion, clarinet, modern flute, and caja, a type of snare drum.

It is a foremost Argentinian and Uruguayan urban popular song and dance that is related to the Cuban contradanza, habanera, and Cuban tango, and remains a 20th century nationalistic Argentinian piece of music that is most expressive.

Its main development was in the slum areas of Buenos Aires, and eventually became fashionable in Parisian society in the early part of the 20th century, as well as in England and other parts of Western Europe. Cha Cha The cha cha is a ballroom dance the originated in Cuba in , derived from the mambo and its characteristic rhythm of 2 crochets — 3 quavers — quaver rest, with a syncopation on the fourth beat. Rumba The rumba popular recreational dance of Afro-Cuban origin, performed in a complex duple meter pattern and tresillo, which is a dotted quaver — dotted quaver — dotted semiquaver rhythm.

It is normally used as a ballroom dance where a solo dancer or couple would be in an embrace though slightly apart, with the rocking of the hips to a fast-fast-slow sequence and often containing cross rhythms. There is a repetitive melody with an ostinato pattern played by the maracas, claves, and other Cuban percussion instruments. It contains jazz elements that became a model for the cha cha, mambo, and other Latin American dances. It was also used for concert music, as it appeared in the Second Piano Concerto of the French composer Darius Milhaud.

Bossa nova Bossa nova originated in as a movement effecting a radical change in the classic Cuban samba. The nylon-stringed classical guitar is the most important instrument of this style.

Bossa nova contains themes centering on love, women, longing, nature, and youthfulness. It was music for easy and relaxed listening, conducive to romantic dates and quiet moments at the lounges. Sitti Navarro 6. It contained English text coupled with Creole expressions that were not so familiar to the non-Jamaican. It was a synthesis of Western American Afro-American popular music and the traditional Afro-Jamaican music, containing a western-style melodic-harmonic base with African sounds and characteristics, American pop and rock music mannerisms, and a preference for a loud volume in the bass.

The best-known proponent of reggae music is Bob Marley, a Jamaican singer-songwriter, musician, and guitarist. Bob Marley 63 All rights reserved. Foxtrot The foxtrot is a 20th century social dance that originated after in the USA.

It was executed as a one step, two step and syncopated rhythmic pattern. The tempo varied from 30 to 40 bars per minute and had a simple duple meter with regular 4-bar phrases. The foxtrot gave rise to other dances such as the black bottom, Charleston, and shimmy.

The dance is arrogant and dignified with a duple meter, march-like character, where the dancer takes strong steps forward with the heels accompanied by artistic hand movements, foot stomping, sharp and quick movements, with the head and chest held high. What are the different vocal and dance forms of Latin American music?

What are the characteristics of each vocal and dance form of Latin American music? Which type of music was popularized by Antonio Carlos Jobim? It was an offshoot of the music of African slaves who migrated to America. As music is considered a therapeutic outlet for human feelings, the Africans used music to recall their nostalgic past in their home country as well as to voice out their sentiments on their desperate condition at that time. Since then, these melancholy beginnings have evolved into various more upbeat jazz forms which the world has adopted and incorporated into other contemporary styles.

Louis and New Orleans. Its music is written unlike jazz which is mainly improvised, and contains regular meters and clear phrases, with an alternation of low bass or bass octaves and chords. Relying heavily on percussion drums , wind, rhythm section guitar, piano, double bass, vibes , and 65 All rights reserved. A standard big band piece instrumentation consists of the following musical instruments percussion, brass, and woodwind instrruments: five saxophones most often two altos, two tenors, and one baritone , four trumpets, four trombones often including one bass trombone , and a four-piece rhythm section composed of drums, acoustic bass or electric bass, piano and guitar.

Some big bands use additional instruments. Big band music originated in the United States and is associated with jazz and the swing. BEBOP Bebop or bop is a musical style of modern jazz which is characterized by a fast tempo, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation that emerged during World War II. The speed of the harmony, melody, and rhythm resulted in a heavy performance where the instrumental sound became more tense and free.

What are the different jazz forms? What are the characteristics of each jazz form? Name one of the Big Bands that became popular. Which type of music was adopted by singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell? Name three of the popular groups that used the jazz rock style. As it developed in the 20th century, pop music as it has come to be called generally consisted of music for entertainment of large numbers of people, whether on radio or in live performances.

From the standard songs and ballads of the legendary Cole Porter, George Gershwin, and Frank Sinatra to the rock and roll craze of Elvis Presley and the Beatles and the present day idols in the alternative music and disco modes, popular music is now shared by the entire world.

Used by poets and composers since the 18th century, it became a slow popular love song in the 19th century. Today, the term ballad now refers to a love song in a slightly pop or rock style, with the following characteristics: 1.

Blues Ballads This is a fusion of Anglo-American and Afro-American styles from the 19th century that deals with the anti-heroes resisting authority. The form emphasizes the character of the performer more than the narrative content, and is accompanied by the banjo or guitar.

The B section acts as the bridge, and the piece normally ends with a brief coda. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music 3. Its style is mostly in a slow or moderate tempo with a relaxed mood. It also features highly singable melodies within the range and technical capacity of the everyday listener. He was a successful singer, actor, producer, director, and conductor. His hit singles include My Way and Strangers in the Night. Although an accomplished pianist, he owes most of his popular musical fame to his soothing baritone voice, which he used to perform in big band, vocal jazz, swing.

He was the first black American to host his own television show and maintained worldwide popularity over 40 years past his death. Matt Monroe was an English singer who became one of the most popular entertainers in the international music scene during the s. Throughout his year career, he filled cabarets, nightclubs, music halls, and stadia in Australia, Japan, the Philippines, and Hong Kong to Africa, the Middle East, Europe, and the Americas.

Among his hit singles 69 All rights reserved. It combined Afro-American forms such as the blues, jump blues, jazz, and gospel music with the Western swing and country music. The lead instruments were the piano and saxophone, but these were eventually replaced by modern instruments. In its classic form, rock and roll employed one or two electric guitars lead, rhythm , a string bass or bass guitar, and a set of drums that provided the rhythmic pattern.

This form came during the age of technological change when electric guitars were supplemented by amplifiers and microphones to raise the volume. His hit songs such as Heartbreak Hotel and Blue Suede Shoes were complemented by his good looks and elaborate movements that included hugging the microphone as he sang. He was born and raised in Liverpool, England. When The Beatles disbanded in , Lennon embarked on a solo career.

Sir James Paul McCartney is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, co-writer, and composer.

Beatles was one of the most influential groups in the history of pop music. The songwriting partnership with Lennon for the Beatles is one of the most celebrated of the 20th century.

McCartney was a two-time inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of The Beatles in , and as a solo artist in He is a time Grammy Award winner 71 All rights reserved.

He has written or co-written 32 songs that have reached number one on the Billboard Hot He was knighted in England for his services to music. The disco style had a soaring and reverberating sound rhythmically controlled by a steady beat usually44 meter for ease of dancing, and accompanied by strings, horns, electric guitars, and electric pianos or synthesizers.

He was an American recording artist, entertainer, singer-songwriter, record producer, musical arranger, dancer, choreographer, actor, businessman, and philanthropist.

The seventh child of the Jackson family, he made his debut as an entertainer in as a member of The Jackson 5. He then began a solo career in while still a member of the group and was referred to as the “King of Pop” in subsequent years. Jackson’s album Thriller remains the world’s best-selling album of all time, and four of his other solo studio albums are among the world’s best-selling records: Off the Wall , Bad , Dangerous , and HIStory In the early s, he became a dominant figure in American popular music and culture.

The popularity of his music videos airing on MTV, such as Beat It, Billie Jean, and Thriller—widely credited with transforming the music video from a promotional tool into an art form—helped bring the relatively new channel to fame. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music along with an instrumental or synthesized beat.

But by the s, it had spread to many other countries. It has since evolved into a subculture that encompasses music rapping, DJing, scratching, and beatboxing ; a nearly acrobatic style of dancing, called break dancing; a distinct manner of dress; and graffiti-style artwork. Thus, it was known for its unconventional practices such as distorted guitar sounds, oppressive lyrics, and defiant attitudes.

It was also characterized by high energy levels that bred new styles such as new wave, punk rock, post-punk, indie rock, gothic rock, jangle pop, noise pop, C86, Madchester, Industrial Rock, and Shoegazing. Briefly describe the historical and cultural background of African, Latin American, jazz, and popular music. Analyze the musical characteristics of African, Latin American, jazz, and popular music. How did the following music reflect life in their respective cultures and the conditions at that time?

African music — maracatu, blues, soul, spiritual, call and response b. Latin American Music — cumbia, tango, cha cha, rumba, bossa nova, reggae, foxtrot, paso doble c. Jazz — ragtime, big band, bebop, jazz rock d. Popular music — ballads, standards, rock and roll, disco, pop, hip hop and rap, alternative music 75 All rights reserved.

It was originally used to refer only to Philippine pop songs, particularly ballads, such as those popular after the collapse of its predecessor, the Manila Sound, in the late s up until the present.

However, other ethno-linguistic groups such as the Visayan, Bikol, Kapampangan, and Ilocano also began to sing and record their songs in their native dialects. Underground bands emerged and along with them were their perceptions of idealism and self-expression. Rico J. Puno 77 All rights reserved. These Filipino lyrics sung to pop melodies resulted in highly singable songs with contemporary appeal.

Among them are jazz pianist and recording artist Boy Katindig, who comes from the well-known clan of musicians that includes jazz piano legend Romy Katindig and saxophonist Eddie Katindig. The Katindig family pioneered Latin jazz in Manila. This new form combined ethnic instrumentation with electronic accompaniment, while presenting themes or issues of society and the environment.

Juan de la Cruz Band Other early exponents of Pinoy rock included the band Maria Cafra; Sampaguita, the female rocker; and folk-rock singer Heber Bartolome and his Banyuhay band, whose songs expressed strong messages of nationalism. Parokya ni Edgar Bamboo 79 All rights reserved. Francis Magalona was born on October 4, and died on March 6, With the success of his earliest albums, Magalona was the Francis Magalona first Filipino rapper to cross over to the mainstream.

He is also credited for having pioneered the merging of rap with Pinoy rock, becoming a significant influence on artists in that genre as well. Classical musicians have also performed in malls and other commercial venues to popularize classical music, popular music, and OPM.

SUMMARY From theater tunes to rock and roll, pop, standards, hip hop, rap, and contemporary ballads—whether in the West, in the Philippines, or anywhere else in the world—these all provided a rich and diverse musical background in the development of Philippine contemporary music.

The development of Philippine music was also influenced by the history of the country—from its pre-Spanish roots, through the Spanish and American periods, up to the present.

It has since evolved to have its own rich and distinct identity. How did the different forms of popular music reflect life in the 20th century? Differentiate the characteristics of Philippine pop, rock, and rap music.

What role did media like radio, television, and recordings play in the development of these different musical genres? Name some well-known OPM performers. Listen carefully to each recording. Participate in a class discussion on the distinctive features and qualities of each musical genre and style. Make improvised African or Latin American instruments using dried vegetables, animal hide, wood, strips of roofing metal, tin cans, bamboo, etc.

How did you relate in making improvised African or Latin American musical instruments found in the environment? Conceptualize a choreography to show some dance steps set to the following music: a. African b. Latin American 81 All rights reserved. Jazz d. Popular Pop Music e. OPM 2. How does it feel to conceptualize the dance movements in each music category? Class Singing Concert — live performance a.

Your teacher will divide the class into four groups. Learn your assigned song, using the lyrics on the following pages. Practice it, with the choreography and accompaniment. Then, perform it in class.

Dance Interaction a. As your group performs in class, invite the other class members to join you in the dance movements or choreography that you have prepared.

Music Video Award a. Afro-Latin American and Popular Music b. Kum-ba-ya Kum-bay-ya is a spiritual song that was first recorded in the s. It became a popular standard campfire song in Girl or Boy Scouting and during summer camps.

The song is originally a simple petition to God to come and help those in need. This inspiring hymn is heard in many countries of Central Africa. It has great personal meaning and the singer often creates his own words as he works or pray. The song title refers to the main melody line, which at first consists of a long series of notes of a single tone.

This is just a little samba Built upon a single note Other notes are bound to follow But the root is still that note Now this new note is the consequence Of the one we’ve just been through As I’m bound to be The unavoidable consequence of you There’s so many people Who can talk and talk, and talk And just say nothing Or nearly nothing 84 All rights reserved.

Afro-Latin American and Popular Music I have used up all the scale I know and at the end I’ve come to nothing I mean nothing So I come back to my first note As I come back to you I will pour into that one note All the love I feel for you Any one who wants the whole show Re mi fa so la ci do He will find himself with no show Better play the note you know So I come back to my first note I must come back to you I will pour into that one note All the love I feel for you Any one who wants the whole show Re mi fa so la ci do He will find himself with no show Better play the note you know Someone To Watch Over Me There’s a saying old, says that love is blind Still we’re often told, “Seek and ye shall find” So I’m going to seek a certain lad I’ve had in mind Looking everywhere, haven’t found him yet He’s the big affair I cannot forget Only man I ever think of with regret I’d like to add his initial to my monogram Tell me, where is the shepherd for this lost lamb?

How well did our group perform our assigned music?


KB Corel: PDF Fusion.

Corel PDF Fusion lets you view and work with over formats without the expense and hassle of buying and installing the software used to create the file. In. Download Corel PDF Fusion latest version () free for Windows 10 PC/Laptop. 64 bit and 32 bit safe Download and Install from official.


Corel pdf fusion version history free


PDF Fusion fusio a reliable and well designed PDF editing tool, one which features a good degree of editing functionality for anyone who regularly works with PDF documents. Key features including support for opening over different file formats, an easy to use workflow for creating and altering PDF documents, many in-document editing, bookmarking, watermarking and annotation tools неплохой cyberlink powerdirector 9.0 de activation key free считаю a lot of useful additional functionality such as the PDF batch converting tool mean that PDF Histofy is a PDF editor to be taken seriously.

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In this section of my review I will be looking corel pdf fusion version history free the usability aspects corel pdf fusion version history free Corel PDF Fusion, this includes assessing corel pdf fusion version history free easy the software is to install corel pdf fusion version history free configure on my Fuion before going on to utilise some of jistory many integrated PDF features it has on offer.

This begins in the next section of this review where I will be installing and configuring PDF Fusion for myself, please note that Corel offer a 30 hiztory free trial of PDF Fusion which can be downloaded and trailed in full without the need to register any personal details они 2016 microsoft word review free спасибо At approximately MB in size, this is a relatively quick and easy download and once complete the installer can be set running straight afterwards.

Once set running, the installer will take only a few moments to complete its work, prompting users just a few times along the way to register the software or make use of the free trial as well as asking where the program files should be saved default settings should be fine for corel pdf fusion version history free cases here.

NB — You can download and make use of a fully functional free trial of the software histpry 30 days without the need to register any details посмотреть больше Corel. Simply click the option to corwl the product out as is pointed versoin above when installing the software to make use of this trial! With installation and registration complete or the free trial selectedthe installer will close itself down and take us to the main homepage of the application itself.

From fre homepage cogel can then access all aspects of PDF Fusion and start working with any PDF files straight away as I will start doing in the next section.

NB — Whenever possible, always to try to keep original copies of any documents which are converted to PDF format from other software e. Microsoft Word.

Whilst PDF editing software is indeed very useful, it can sometimes be easier and corel pdf fusion version history free accurate to simply edit the original document and then re-create the PDF than to edit the PDF itself! NB — As can be seen above, Corel have provided PDF Fusion corel pdf fusion version history free an interactive homepage to help make the core three areas of the application easier histtory access.

Simply drag and drop any PDF file over the respective area and that section of the app will open up with the selected file already loaded up and ready to be worked on — a nice feature, especially so if wanting to load up multiple documents at once!

Using any of these tools is as simple as selecting said tool form the menu and then selecting the part of the document to start working on. The ability to create new PDF files, import pages form existing documents and make use of watermarking and document security tools is available and I will be looking at this functionality later on in the review.

Having now seen the core PDF editing functionality in action, corel pdf fusion version history free this section we can start nistory at the ability to convert documents both to and from the PDF format within Vesion Fusion. Once opened, simply select one or more source files to be cree, the dpf to convert them to and then await the tool to automatically perform the conversion:. NB — as can be seen above, this conversion tool can work on single documents as well as batches of multiple documents, simply select multiple documents of the same type and they will all be converted with no further input required.

As can be seen in the image above where I am converting multiple PDF historg back to MS Word formatthe converting tool shows total progress towards the top of the window whilst showing progress on a job-by-job basis towards corel pdf fusion version history free bottom of the screen.

Once complete, any converted documents will be automatically saved in the same location as the converted documents in pef case and the conversion tool can then be closed down. These drives histpry actually installed onto the Windows system when the software itself is installed, this means that virtually any application which corel pdf fusion version history free traditional printing can make use pd these virtual drivers and in-turn support the printing of any documents directly to PDF format:.

Whilst the ability to annotate PDF documents as well as edit any existing text found within is a very important function of a PDF editor, another important function is the ability to corell the contents corel pdf fusion version history free structure of any existing PDF documents. Altering documents can involve inserting or exporting entire pages to fusionn from other PDF documents, ppdf or removing individual pages or even merging one or more PDF documents together into a single document amongst other things.

One of the first things which appears upon opening the Assembly View screen is pd corel pdf fusion version history free start guide as can be seen above. This quick start guide covers the basics of working with the tool in a step-by-step што pixelmator user manual free думаю and can be set to not show again should it no longer be needed.

With the guide now shut down, we can see the newly opened PDF document at the top of the Assembly View screen and ready to be worked on. With the original PDF document now cree to be worked on, one of the first things we can pdg is add in PDF content from another PDF document, this starts by opening up the other document or simply dragging and dropping it over the application to open it up ready for use, as can be seen below :. As can be seen above, when we open up an additional PDF document, any contents will be visible below corel pdf fusion version history free of the original document, form this point onwards we can simply drag and drop any full pages form the new document into the original and, if required, re-organise the fsuion of both new and existing pages as well.

With additional PDF documents aside, it should also be noted that we corel pdf fusion version history free easily add in content form many other document formats into this original PDF document which pef been built-up, for example, we can hisstory and drop in ffee files as well as regular office document files as can be seen below :. It should also be pointed out that another corel pdf fusion version history free feature is the ability to rotate any pages or images which have been added to this current PDF document, this is as simple as selecting the item to be rotated in the current PDF document at the top and then selecting one of the rotate options from the sidebar toolbox as is highlighted below :.

Finally, with all required pages added, one of the final things we can do before saving our new PDF document is to re-arrange the content ordering. When applicable, this re-ordering can be done by simply dragging and dropping any pages into the correct position within the document.

NB — With a PDF document opened up in the Assembly View screen, as well as building up and altering the original document, we can also use this tool to hlstory new blank pages and to export single or small groups of existing pages and save them as new PDF files! Once open, we can specify the following document security settings:. PDF documents typically offer an additional layer of security and tamper protection over their non-PDF counterparts, this includes the ability to easily password protect and encrypt the document contents as well as restrict certain operations such as printing and copying any internal content.

With PDF Fusion, Corel have implemented a basic but still very functional security settings box which can be easily accessed from any part of the application whenever a PDF document is open.

Applying any of the necessary settings is as simple as selecting options form the drop down boxes and then specifying a final password both for security and read-only evrsion upon finalising the security settings.

The main help and support guide for PDF Fusion can be found within the application itself under corel pdf fusion version history free main Help menu. Additional support comes via the official Corel knowledge base where support tickets can also be raised should additional help be required. A 30 day free trial version is available via the official Corel website and Corel also offer any customers a 30 money back guarantee when purchasing PDF Fusion office 2016 tools database compare free. It is designed to allow both the editing and re-structuring of ffusion PDF documents as well as the creation of new ones.

A 30 day free trial is available for anyone wanting to trial the application for themselves as is a 30 day money back corel pdf fusion version history free when buying direct form the Corel WordPerfect website. PDF Fusion supports both bit and bit document encryption.

In addition to this it also supports full document security settings including the ability to limit printing vereion the copying of images as well as the ability to set both adobe premiere cc kuyhaa free and security master editing passwords. In this section I will be looking at some close alternatives to PDF Fusion, these will be PDF editing tools form other software providers which have a similar level of functionality and are available at a similar price point.

PDF Pro 3 really stands out as a leading PDF editing suite, not only has this latest version now been updated to fully support the new Windows 11 operating system, but it now contains even more PDF editing functionality alongside a new licence structure which frew a single one-off purchase being eligible for use on up to 3x PCs! Digging into the application itself and it becomes clear why this is such a popular PDF editing application, not only is it very well designed and easy to use thanks to the new ribbon menu design but it also features an extensive range of editing, converting and document altering functions.

Released in versiom, EaseUS PDF Editor is a relatively new addition pdc the PDF editing software world and one which already provides a good range of functionality alongside great value lifetime licencing options.

Built and supported by Corel, PDF Fusion is clearly a reliable and well designed PDF editing tool and one which features a good degree of editing functionality for anyone who regularly works with PDF fuison. I particularly like the Assembly View mode which makes working with multiple documents, including merging them together, adding or removing individual pages and adding images or other document typesamongst other things, into a new corell existing PDF document really quick and easy especially so thanks to the innovative drag and drop interface in-use here.

Overall, a versiion and easy to use PDF editing application which is reasonably priced and free of subscription costs — great work Corel! PDF Fusion. Visit Website. Table of Contents. Add a header to begin generating the table of contents. Looking for backup software? Once opened, simply select one or more source files to be converted, the format to convert them to and then await the tool to automatically perform the corel pdf fusion version history free NB — as can be seen above, this conversion tool can work on single documents as well as batches of multiple documents, simply select multiple documents of the same type and they will all be converted with no further input required.

Inserting, Extracting and Merging PDFs Whilst the ability to annotate PDF documents as well as edit any existing uistory found within is a very important function of a PDF editor, another important function is the ability to alter the contents and structure of any existing PDF documents. With the original PDF document now ready to be vesrion on, one of the first things we corsl do is add in PDF content from another PDF versikn, this starts by opening up the other document or simply dragging and dropping it over corel pdf fusion version history free application to open it up ready for use, as can be seen below : As can be seen above, when we open up an additional PDF document, any contents will be visible below that of the original document, form this point onwards we can simply drag and drop any full pages form the new document into the original and, if required, re-organise the order of both new and existing pages as well.

With additional PDF documents aside, it should also corel pdf fusion version history free noted that we can easily add vrsion content form many other document formats into this original PDF document which is been built-up, for example, we can drag and drop in image files as well as regular office document files as can be seen below : It should also be pointed out that another useful feature is the ability to rotate any pages or images which have been added to this current PDF document, this is as ihstory as selecting the item to be rotated in the current PDF document at the top and then selecting one of the rotate options from corel pdf fusion version history free sidebar toolbox as is highlighted below : Finally, with all required pages added, one ckrel the final things we can do before saving our new PDF document is to re-arrange the content ordering.

PDF Fusion Security PDF documents typically offer an additional layer of security and tamper protection over their non-PDF counterparts, this includes the ability to easily password protect and encrypt the document contents as well as restrict certain operations corel pdf fusion version history free as printing and copying any internal content. Hiistory does PDF Fusion do? What level of encryption does PDF Fusion support?

PDF Fusion Alternatives In this section I will be looking at versiin close alternatives to PDF Fusion, these will be PDF editing tools form other software providers which have a similar level of functionality and are available at a similar price point. Scroll to Top. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.