Access Database Engine – Wikipedia.
Reviews of Office were generally very positive, with praise to the new Backstage view, new customization options for the ribbon, and the incorporation of the ribbon into all programs. Mainstream support for Office ended on October 13, , and extended support ended on October 13, , the same dates that mainstream and extended support ended for Windows Embedded Standard 7.
Development started in while Microsoft was finishing work on Office 12, released as Microsoft Office The version number 13 was skipped because of the fear of the number On April 15, , Microsoft confirmed that Office would be released in the first half of They announced on May 12, , at a Tech Ed event, a trial version of the bit edition.
An internal post-beta build was leaked on July 12, This was newer than the official preview build and included a “Limestone” internal test application note: the EULA indicates Beta 2.
On July 14, , Microsoft started to send out invitations on Microsoft Connect to test an official preview build of Office In an effort to help customers and partners with deployment of Office , Microsoft launched an Office application compatibility program with tools and guidance available for download. It was leaked to torrent sites. Office was to be originally released to business customers on May 12, ,  however it was made available to Business customers with Software Assurance on April 27, , and to other Volume Licensing Customers on May 1.
The RTM version number is Microsoft released two service packs for Office that were primarily intended to address software bugs.
SP1 is a cumulative update that includes all previous updates, as well as fixes exclusive to its release;   a list of exclusive fixes was released by Microsoft. On April 8, , a beta build of Office SP2 was released.
In both its client programs and in its Internet implementation, the design of Office incorporates features from SharePoint and borrows from Web 2. A new Backstage view interface replaces the Office menu introduced in Office and is designed to facilitate access to document management and sharing tasks by consolidating them within a single location. Tasks that are accessed via tabs in the main Backstage pane are categorized into separate groups that display contextual information related to app configurations, files, and tasks; each tab displays information relevant to that specific tab.
On the Info tab in Word, for example, document metadata details are displayed within the Prepare for Sharing group to inform users of potentially personal information before the file is shared with other users,  whereas the Help tab displays Office version information and product licensing status.
Backstage is extensible; developers can add their own commands, tabs, tasks, or related information. The File tab replaces the Office button introduced in Office and offers similar functionality.
The previous Office button—a round button adorned with the Microsoft Office logo—had a different appearance from the ribbon tabs in the Office interface and was positioned away from them, with a target that extended toward the upper left corner of the screen in accordance with Fitts’s law.
Opening the File tab displays the new Backstage view. Office introduces a pasting options gallery on the ribbon, in the context menu , and in the object-oriented user interface that replaces the Paste Special dialog box and Paste Recovery feature seen in previous versions of Office. The gallery introduces Live Preview effects to the paste process when users position the mouse cursor over an option in the gallery so that the result of the process can be previewed before it is applied to the document; a tooltip with an associated description and keyboard shortcut for that option will also appear.
If users position the mouse cursor over a gallery option in the context menu, the rest of the context menu becomes transparent so that it does not obstruct preview results within the document. Gallery options change based on the content in the clipboard and the app into which the content is pasted. The ribbon introduced in Office is fully customizable and included in all programs in Office Users can also export or import any customization changes made to the ribbon to facilitate backups, deployment, or sharing, or reset all ribbon customizations.
After the launch of Office , Microsoft provided free downloads for a new Favorites tab that consolidated commands based on customer feedback regarding the most frequently used commands in all Office programs.
From Backstage within Excel, OneNote, PowerPoint, and Word, users can also save documents directly to remote locations to facilitate remote access and co-authoring sessions.
In the Excel Web App, the OneNote, and the OneNote Web App edits to a shared document in a co-authoring session occur on a sequential basis, in near real-time, as shared documents save automatically with each edit. In PowerPoint and Word, however, users must upload changes to the server by manually saving the shared document. During a co-authoring session the Excel Web App, PowerPoint, and Word denote how many co-authors are editing a document through a status bar icon that, when clicked in PowerPoint and Word, displays contact information including the presence of co-authors; the Info tab of Backstage also displays these details.
When users open the name of a co-author, they can send email with an email client or start instant messaging conversations with each other if a supported app such as Skype for Business is installed on each machine.
If a conflict between multiple changes occurs in PowerPoint or Word, sharers can approve or reject changes before uploading them to the server. In both OneNote and the OneNote Web App, users can view the names of co-authors alongside their respective edits to the content in a shared notebook, or create separate versions of pages for individual use.
Edits made since a notebook was last opened are automatically highlighted, with initials of the co-author who made the edit displayed. In OneNote, co-authors can also search for all edits made by a specific co-author. Office introduces a new Click-to-Run installation process based on Microsoft App-V Version 4 streaming and virtualization technology as an alternative to the traditional Windows Installer -based installation process for the Home and Student and Home and Business editions, and as a mandatory installation process for the Starter edition.
Click-to-Run products install in a virtualized environment a Q: partition that downloads product features in the background after the programs have been installed so that users can immediately begin using the programs.
The download process is optimized for broadband connections. During the Office retail lifecycle Microsoft, in collaboration with original equipment manufacturers OEMs and retail partners, introduced a Product Key Card licensing program that allowed users to purchase a single license to activate Home and Student, Home and Business, and Professional editions preinstalled on personal computers at a reduced cost when compared with traditional retail media.
Volume license versions of Office require product activation. In Office product activation was only required for OEM or retail versions of the product. Office File Validation, previously included only in Publisher for PUB files has been incorporated into Excel, PowerPoint, and Word in Office to validate the integrity of proprietary binary file formats e. When users open a document, the structure of its file format is scanned to ensure that it conforms with specifications defined by XML schema ; if a file fails the validation process it will, by default, be opened in Protected View, a new read-only, isolated sandbox environment to protect users from potentially malicious content.
To improve Office File Validation, Office collects various information about files that have failed validation and also creates copies of these files for optional submission to Microsoft through Windows Error Reporting. Administrators can disable data submission. When users attempt to open a document that fails validation, they must first agree to a warning prompt before it can be opened.
Protected View, an isolated sandbox environment for Excel, PowerPoint, and Word, replaces the Isolated Conversion Environment update available for previous versions of Microsoft Office.
When a document is opened from a potentially unsafe location such as the Internet or as an e-mail attachment, or if a document does not comply with File Block policy or if it fails Office File Validation, it is opened in Protected View, which prohibits potentially unsafe documents from modifying components, files, and other resources on a system; users can also manually open documents in Protected View. As a precautionary measure, active content within a potentially unsafe document remains disabled when a user reopens it after exiting Protected View until a user clicks the “Enable Content” button on the message bar, which designates the document as a trusted document so that users are not prompted when it is opened in the future.
The main process of each app is assigned the current user’s access token and hosts the Office user interface elements such as the ribbon, whereas the Protected View process consists of the document viewing area, parses and renders the document content, and operates with reduced privileges; the main process serves as a mediator for requests initiated by the separate process.
Office allows users to designate individual documents as trusted, which allows all active content to operate each time a specific document is opened; trusted documents do not open in Protected View. Documents residing in either local or remote directories can be trusted, but users are warned if an attempt is made to trust a document from a remote resource.
Trusted document preferences, referred to as trust records , are stored within the Windows Registry on a per-user basis; trust records contain the full path to trusted documents and other specific file information to protect users from social engineering attacks.
Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word include a variety of artistic effects such as glass, paint stroke, pastel, and pencil sketch effects that users can apply to inserted images. A new background removal feature based on Microsoft Research technology is included in Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word to remove the backgrounds of images inserted into documents.
It is exposed as a Remove Background command that appears on the Picture Tool s contextual tab on the ribbon when an image is selected, which displays a separate Background Removal contextual tab and places a selection rectangle and magenta color over portions of the selected image; the selection rectangle algorithmically determines which area of the selected image will be retained once the background removal process is complete, whereas the magenta color indicates the areas that will be removed.
Users can manually adjust the position and size of the selection rectangle and also mark specific areas of an image to keep or remove;  it is also possible to delete a mark after an inadvertent selection or if it produces an undesired result. After the background has been removed, users can apply various visual effects to the result image or wrap text in a document around it ; users can also crop the image since removing the background does not reduce its original size.
The crop selection rectangle now grays out the portion of a photo to be removed when cropping and displays the result area in color—instead of omitting the removed portion from view, as previous versions of Office did. Photos can now be repositioned underneath the selection rectangle. The Picture Shape command in previous versions of Office has been replaced with a new Crop to Shape command that allows users to resize and move the selected shape itself when cropping.
Office , like previous versions, automatically resizes photos that are inserted into shapes by default, which can negatively affect their aspect ratio. To address this, photos in shapes can now be cropped or resized after being inserted, and individual Fit and Fill options have been incorporated. The former option resizes the selected photo so that the entire area of the crop selection rectangle or shape is filled, whereas the latter option resizes the photo so that it is displayed within the selection rectangle or within a shape in its entirety; both options maintain the original aspect ratio of the selected photo.
Photos inserted into SmartArt diagrams can also be cropped, resized, or repositioned. Excel, PowerPoint, and Word support text effects such as bevels, gradient fills, glows, reflections, and shadows. Publisher and Word support OpenType features such as kerning , ligatures , stylistic sets , and text figures with fonts such as Calibri , Cambria , Corbel , and Gabriola.
Excel, PowerPoint, and Word support hardware accelerated graphics when installed on a machine with a DirectX 9. Excel supports hardware accelerated chart drawing, and PowerPoint supports hardware accelerated animations, transitions, and video playback and effects; slideshow elements are now rendered as sprites, which are then composited with additional effects such as fades and wipes implemented using Pixel Shader 2.
Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word allow users to immediately insert a screenshot of open app windows or a selection of content on the screen into documents without saving the image as a file. The functionality is exposed through a new Screenshot command on the Insert tab of the ribbon that, when clicked, presents individual options to capture either app windows or selections of content.
The former option presents open windows as thumbnails in a gallery on the ribbon that insert a screenshot of the selected window into the active app, while the latter option minimizes the currently active app, dims the screen, and presents a selection rectangle for users to create a screenshot by holding the main mouse button, dragging the selection rectangle to a desired area of the screen, and then releasing the button to automatically insert the selection as an image into the document.
Only windows that have not been minimized to the taskbar can be captured. After a screenshot has been inserted, various adjustments can be made. SmartArt, a set of diagrams introduced in Office for Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word has been updated with new effects, options, and interface improvements.
The SmartArt text pane now allows users to insert, modify, and reorder images and their associated text within a diagram, and new Move Up and Move Down commands on the ribbon facilitate the reordering of content. Images are automatically cropped when inserted into shapes within SmartArt diagrams to preserve their aspect ratio; users can also manually reposition images. During the crop process, the layout of shapes in SmartArt diagrams is locked to prevent users from inadvertently modifying its position while making adjustments to an image.
Of these, a new Picture category dedicated to the presentation of images includes over 30 diagrams, and the Organization Chart category includes 3 new diagrams. A new Convert command on the SmartArt contextual tab of the ribbon includes additional features for Excel and PowerPoint. The Convert to Shapes feature, introduced in Office SP2 as a context menu option that turned SmartArt into a group of customizable shapes is now on the ribbon in both programs.
Additionally, in PowerPoint, it is possible to convert SmartArt diagrams into bulleted lists through a new Convert to Text option. Office introduces Accessibility Checker in Excel, PowerPoint, and Word that examines documents for issues affecting visually impaired readers. It is accessible through the “Check for Issues” button on the Prepare for Sharing group on the Info tab of Backstage, which opens a task pane with a list of accessibility issues discovered in the document and provides suggestions to resolve them.
Backstage itself also reports accessibility issues in the Prepare for Sharing group so that they can be resolved before the document is shared with other users.
Translations for phrases or words are displayed within a tooltip, from which users can hear an audio pronunciation of the selected text provided by one of the Microsoft text-to-speech voices installed on a machine, copy the translation to the clipboard so that it can be inserted into another document, or view a definition provided by an online service if the selected text is a word.
Users can download various text-to-speech engines from Microsoft. Office Starter is an ad-supported , reduced-functionality edition consisting of Excel and Word, discontinued in June before the release of Office and Windows 8.
Office Online is a collection of free Web-based versions of Excel, OneNote, PowerPoint, and Word that offers fewer features than its client counterparts.
Office Mobile was released before general availability of Office as a free upgrade for users of Windows Mobile 6. Office received mostly positive reviews upon its release, with particular praise devoted to the modified ribbon and the new Backstage view. However, PC Magazine expressed dissatisfaction with the “intrusive” default auto formatting options in Word; the lack of an upgrade edition or pricing for users of a previous version of Office; and the stability of Office programs.
Not all assessments and reviews were positive. InfoWorld considered the modified Ribbon in Office to be a “disorganized mess”, and the user-interface conventions to be confusing because of the lack of consistency across routine functions.
The Backstage view was also criticized for “containing a schizophrenic array of buttons, button menus, and hyperlink-like text labels” and for being presented as a full-screen interface instead of as a drop-down menu similar to Paint and WordPad in Windows 7. Sluggish performance was also a subject of criticism, although the review was written before development of the product had been formally completed.
Reactions to the various product versions, including the bit version of Office , were mixed. Ars Technica believed that Microsoft’s transition to a bit version of Office would facilitate the industry’s adoption of bit software. The Starter edition of Office received mostly positive reviews;    a feature omitted from other editions of Office that received praise was To-Go Device Manager, which allowed users to copy Office Starter installation files to a USB flash drive and use its programs on another PC, even one where a version of Office was not installed.
Microsoft reportedly discontinued sales of Office on January 31, , just two days after its successor, Office , reached general availability. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of languages. It is available in Volume License editions.
Main article: Office Online. Main article: Microsoft Office mobile apps. DirectX 9. Internet access is required for product activation and online functionality. Retrieved April 22, Retrieved August 18, Archived from the original on March 25, Office Support. Archived from the original on August 26, Retrieved July 27, Archived from the original on June 1, News Center. May 21, Archived from the original on August 5, June 15, Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved June 18, Archived from the original on April 12, CBS Interactive.
Archived from the original on May 9, PC World. Archived from the original on June 11, Webb, Lonnie ed. Archived from the original on March 8, Your email address will not be published.
Home Products Offers Contact. Yatendra Singh Updated On – 21 Jan Jack Jaeger says:. December 16, at Prashant says:. June 14, at Louis says:. February 16, at Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. With ODBC’s in-memory policy, transactions also allow for many updates to a record to occur entirely within memory, with only one expensive disk write at the end.
Implicit transactions were supported in Jet 3. These are transactions that are started automatically after the last transaction was committed to the database. However, it was found that this had a negative performance impact in bit Windows Windows 95, Windows 98 , so in Jet 3. Jet enforces entity integrity and referential integrity.
Jet will by default prevent any change to a record that breaks referential integrity, but Jet databases can instead use propagation constraints cascading updates and cascading deletes to maintain referential integrity.
Jet also supports “business rules” also known as “constraints” , or rules that apply to any column to enforce what data might be placed into the table or column. Access to Jet databases is done on a per user-level. The user information is kept in a separate system database, and access is controlled on each object in the system for instance by table or by query.
Queries are the mechanisms that Jet uses to retrieve data from the database. The query is then compiled — this involves parsing the query involves syntax checking and determining the columns to query in the database table , then converted into an internal Jet query object format, which is then tokenized and organised into a tree like structure. In Jet 3. The query is then executed and the results passed back to the application or user who requested the data.
Jet passes the data retrieved for the query in a dynaset. This is a set of data that is dynamically linked back to the database.
Instead of having the query result stored in a temporary table, where the data cannot be updated directly by the user, the dynaset allows the user to view and update the data contained in the dynaset.
Thus, if a university lecturer queries all students who received a distinction in their assignment and finds an error in that student’s record, they would only need to update the data in the dynaset, which would automatically update the student’s database record without the need for them to send a specific update query after storing the query results in a temporary table.
Jet originally started in as an underlying data access technology that came from a Microsoft internal database product development project, code named Cirrus. Cirrus was developed from a pre-release version of Visual Basic code and was used as the database engine of Microsoft Access.
Tony Goodhew, who worked for Microsoft at the time, says. For VB [Visual Basic] 3. Jet became more componentised when Access 2. A retrofit was provided that allowed Visual Basic 3. Jet 2. DLLs in Windows are “libraries” of common code that can be used by more than one application—by keeping code that more than one application uses under a common library which each of these applications can use independently code maintenance is reduced and the functionality of applications increases, with less development effort.
The Jet DLL determined what sort of database it was accessing, and how to perform what was requested of it. If the data source was an MDB file a Microsoft Access format then it would directly read and write the data to the file. If the data source was external, then it would call on the correct ODBC driver to perform its request.
Jet 3. Jet 4. Microsoft Access versions from Access to Access included an “Upsizing Wizard” which could ” upsize ” upgrade a Jet database to “an equivalent database on SQL Server with the same table structure, data, and many other attributes of the original database”. Reports, queries, macros and security were not handled by this tool, meaning that some manual modifications might have been needed if the application was heavily reliant on these Jet features.
It introduced a new default file format,. It also brought security changes and encryption improvements and enabled integration with Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 3. The engine in Microsoft Access discontinued support for Access 1.
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